Dah-Jye Lee, an engineer from Brigham Young University, has developed a genetic algorithm which learns by itself to recognise arbitrary objects. This project is particularly relevant to the content on this website; a slowly developing augmented reality application still in research phase. I would predict that processing speed of the genetic algorithm is a bottleneck to performance with this method. The use of cloud processing and pre-populated data sets would bring this program nearer to real time functionality.
I will definitely be keeping an eye on further developments from this camp.
Source story here.